Symptoms of early HIV infection
Many people with HIV have no symptoms for several years. Others may develop symptoms similar to flu, usually two to six weeks after catching the virus. The symptoms can last up to four weeks. People who do have symptoms may mistake them for the flu or cold. Common early symptoms include: Fever, chills, Sore throat, Headache, Muscle aches and joint pain, Skin rash.
After the early symptoms go away, an infected person may not have symptoms again for many years. After a certain point, symptoms reappear and then remain. These symptoms usually include:Swollen lymph nodes, Extreme tiredness, Weight loss, Fever, Night sweats.
Asymptomatic HIV infection
In many cases, after the initial symptoms disappear, there will not be any further symptoms for many years until it progesses to next stage. During this time, the virus continue on developing and damages the immune system. This process can take up to 10 years. The infected person will experience no symptoms, feel well and appear healthy.
A doctor may suspect HIV if symptoms last and no other cause can be found.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR HIV
If you have been exposed to HIV, your immune system will make antibodies to try to destroy the virus. Urine/Saliva samples are used to check HIV and if it these shows , a person is infected with HIV, blood test should be done to confirm the results.
Most Labs. Uses two blood tests, called the ELISA and the Western blot. If the ELISA is positive (meaning that HIV antibodies are found), a Western blot or other test will be done to cofirm the test.